Once there was a white elephant, an Indian boy who was his friend, an architect, several sultans, and a mystery. My introduction to Turkish fiction was the beautifully written The Architect's Apprentice (2015). The author, Elif Shafak (sometimes spelled "Safak"), has written eight books; the best known is probably The Bastard of Istanbul.
In an interview on the BBC World Book Club -- my favorite podcast about books -- she spoke very intensely about the importance of diversity and cosmopolitanism. (Listen to it now! Click the icon above her name and close your eyes; it's a radio broadcast.)
- Of these, 65 are in English and 15 are in Turkish
- There are also 24 novels about Istanbul in particular
- Of the 13 films, 12 are in Turkish
- There are more headings for Turkish literature, including Turkish literature, Poets, Turkish -- Fiction, Short stories, Turkish -- Women authors, and Turkish fiction (11; some of these will be *about* Turkish fiction but are not fiction themselves).
There is a list of popular Turkish fiction books -- written in English -- from Goodreads.
Finally, here is a mystery, or actually several mysteries: a book written in 1943 has suddenly, inexplicably, become very popular. Here is more detail about the plot -- and the murder of the author -- of Madonna in a Fur Coat.